Any age or gender can experience hypotension, which is low blood pressure. But there are some circumstances and diseases that can make having low blood pressure more likely. These are:
Age: Older persons tend to have low blood pressure more frequently. Blood arteries may lose some of their elasticity as people age, lowering blood pressure.
Medication: As a side effect, taking certain medications, including those for high blood pressure, cardiac issues, or specific mental health conditions, might result in low blood pressure.
Dehydration: Dehydration can cause low blood pressure if there is insufficient fluid intake or significant fluid loss (e.g., through vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating).
Long-term bed rest or immobility: Blood pressure can fall with prolonged bed rest or protracted immobility.
Underlying medical issues: Heart conditions (like heart failure), endocrine conditions (such as thyroid dysfunction or adrenal insufficiency), and neurological conditions (like Parkinson’s disease) can all cause low blood pressure.
Pregnancy: Due to hormonal changes, blood pressure tends to drop throughout the first trimester. Some pregnant women may experience low blood pressure as a result of this.
Nutritional deficiencies: Low blood pressure can be caused by insufficient consumption of nutrients such as vitamin B12, folate, or iron.
Predisposition based on genes: Some people may be genetically predisposed to lower blood pressure.
It’s crucial to remember that low blood pressure is not necessarily a problem, especially if there are no symptoms present. But persistent symptoms or severe dips in blood pressure can be dangerous and need to be assessed by a medical expert.
It is advised to speak with a healthcare provider if you develop symptoms of low blood pressure such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, or other problems. They can evaluate your problem, find any underlying causes, and, if required, offer suitable advice and treatment.