Human immunodeficiency virus is referred to as HIV. Removing crucial immune system defense cells jeopardizes a person’s defenses against illness and infection. There is currently no effective cure for HIV. But HIV can be managed with the right medical attention. Numerous factors, such as sex partners and risky behaviors, increase a person’s risk of contracting HIV.
We will provide some background information on HIV, including how it was first identified in Nigeria, how it spreads, how to prevent it, how to get tested, how to live with it, how to manage it with Malaria, and how to manage it during this Covid-19 and Monkeypox times.
The immune system of the body is attacked by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), as was previously stated. There is presently no effective treatment for HIV, which if left untreated can result in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Once people get HIV, they have it for life.
But HIV can be managed with the right medical attention. HIV-positive people who receive proper treatment can live long, healthy lives and protect their partners.
A particular kind of chimpanzee in Central Africa is where humans first contracted HIV. According to studies, the human-chimpanzee transmission of HIV may have begun as early as the late 1800s.
The virus that affects chimpanzees is known as the simian immunodeficiency virus. When people killed these chimpanzees for food and came into contact with their affected blood, it was likely transmitted to humans.
Over many years, HIV gradually spread throughout Africa and then to other regions of the world. Getting tested is the only way to find out if you have HIV. You can avoid contracting or spreading HIV by making healthy decisions when you are aware of your HIV status.
Are there symptoms?
For many, yes. In most cases, symptoms of the flu appear 2 to 4 weeks after infection. A few days or a few weeks may pass before symptoms disappear.
The mere presence of these signs does not indicate HIV infection. Similar symptoms may be caused by other diseases.
Some patients show absolutely no symptoms. Getting tested is the only way to find out if you have HIV.
Without treatment, HIV-positive individuals typically advance through three stages. However, HIV medication can prevent or slow the disease’s course. The progression of HIV to Stage 3 (AIDS) is now less frequent than it was in the beginning because of improvements in HIV treatment.
Acute HIV infection is stage one.
People are very contagious and have a significant amount of HIV in their blood.
There are numerous cases of flu-like symptoms.
Get tested if you think you may have been exposed to HIV and are experiencing flu-like symptoms.
Chronic Infection is Stage two.
Asymptomatic HIV infection or clinical latency are other names for this stage.
HIV is still alive and yet capable of procreating within the body.
During this period, people may not show any symptoms or become ill, but they can still transmit HIV.
Those who adhere to the recommended HIV treatment regimen may never enter Stage 3 (AIDS).
Without treatment for HIV, this period could continue a decade or longer or move more quickly. The person may enter Stage 3 at this stage’s conclusion due to an increase in the viral load of HIV (AIDS).
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is Stage three. (AIDS)
when HIV infection is at its worst.
High viral loads and the potential for HIV transmission are risks associated with AIDS.
Immune systems in AIDS patients have been severely compromised. They are more likely to get serious infections or other severe diseases.
People with AIDS often survive for three years or less without HIV treatment.
One can only know if they have HIV when they get tested.