Diabetes cannot currently be cured, but it can be controlled with the right care and self-care. Diabetes is often treated with a mix of lifestyle modifications, medications, and frequent blood sugar monitoring.
A balanced diet high in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help control blood sugar levels.
Exercise on a regular basis can help reduce blood sugar levels and increase insulin sensitivity.
Weight control: Keeping a healthy weight can help with blood sugar regulation and lower the risk of problems.
Stress management: Reducing cortisol levels, which can alter blood sugar levels, through practices like yoga, deep breathing, and meditation can help.
Insulin: For persons with type 1 diabetes or severe cases of type 2 diabetes, an insulin pump or insulin injections may be recommended.
Oral medicines: A number of oral medications, such as metformin, sulfonylureas, meglitinides, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, and SGLT2 inhibitors, can assist persons with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar levels.
Other drugs: Patients with diabetes may be prescribed drugs to treat diseases like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or other health issues that raise the risk of complications.
Monitoring blood sugar: People with diabetes can make well-informed choices about their treatment plan by periodically checking their blood sugar levels.
A1C testing: This blood test calculates the average blood sugar levels over the previous two to three months and can show how well blood sugar levels have been controlled.
Regular check-ups are required for people with diabetes to monitor their condition and, if necessary, make appropriate adjustments to their treatment plan.
Diabetes management can be difficult, but with the right care and self-care, it is possible to have a full and active life. Diabetes patients should collaborate closely with their medical team to develop a specialized treatment strategy that takes into account their unique requirements and goals.